The 10 most common symptoms of colitis and their treatment
The colon is one of the parts of the large intestine. Where it is located in the lower abdomen, and occupies a wide area of the abdomen, in addition to that it extends from the bottom of the rib cage to the pelvic area until it includes the last part of the large intestine and can infect the colon with severe infections and accompany many symptoms.
In this article, we will discuss the most common causes and symptoms of colitis, methods of diagnosis and treatment Docspert Health physician.
Colitis is a chronic disease that affects the inner lining of the large intestine, colon, and rectum. Which leads to inflammation or swelling and sores on the inner lining of the large intestine, and it can occur at any age; The main cause of colitis is still unknown, but there are some reasons that may be a factor in the incidence of colitis symptoms.
The colon consists of 4 parts and they are as follows:
- Sigmoid colon (before the anal area).
- ascending colon
- descending colon.
- Transverse colon.
There are many symptoms of colitis that can occur in a person with this type of colitis, and we will discuss the most common symptoms of colitis through the following lines:
- Disturbance of the digestive system, bowel movement, and chronic and continuous diarrhea with blood or pus coming out.
- Feeling abdominal pain.
- Loss of the ability to defecate normally.
- Nausea or loss of appetite.
- Losing a large amount of weight.
- High fever and high body temperature.
- Stools with blood.
- Joint pain and osteoporosis Inflammation of the eyes and skin.
- Feeling of fatigue, weakness, weakness, stress and general fatigue.
- Anemia (anemia).
Read also: The most common symptoms of bowel cancer
Causes of colitis
There may be no specific reason for the symptoms of colitis, and we will discuss through the following lines about the most famous of these causes:
- Smoking and drinking alcohol.
- Take painkillers (steroids).
- Eat dairy products.
- Following a completely unhealthy diet that contains spicy substances that irritate and inflame the colon.
- Overactivity of the immune system in the intestine.
- Chronic diseases of the immune system.
- Viral or bacterial infection.
- Taking some antibiotics or painkillers a lot without consulting a doctor.
- Eat fatty foods rich in fats and hydrogenated oils.
- Having a family history or genetic factor in this type of infection.
Methods for diagnosing symptoms of colitis
There are several diagnostic methods that are used to detect the symptoms of colitis, which may be followed by the doctor specialized in “Doxpert Health”. Among these diagnostic methods are the following:
- A series of blood tests to check for anemia and anemia, or to check for signs of other viral or bacterial infections.
- Abdominal X-rays to check for signs and symptoms of ulcerative colitis to rule out serious complications, such as perforated colon.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MR) bowel kinetics. These tests are more sensitive to finding inflammation in the bowel than conventional imaging tests.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) bowel movement is also currently a radiation-free alternative.
- Taking a stool sample to detect ulcerative colitis and symptomsPerform a complete blood count, electrolytes, and C-reactive protein sedimentation rate (CRP) to determine the severity of the disease.
- A urine sample is also taken to detect the presence of other disorders, such as infections caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and others.
- Examination by means of computerized tomography (CT) on the abdomen or pelvis to detect if there are complications arising from the symptoms of ulcerative colitis and also to detect the extent of colitis.
- Perform a colonoscopy using a thin, flexible tube with an attached camera.
- Taking a tissue sample in the event that it is proven that there is an infection in the colon, to be analyzed in the laboratory.
- A flexible sigmoidoscopy exam, in which your doctor uses a thin, flexible, lighted tube to examine the rectum and sigmoid.
Treating the symptoms of colitis
The methods of treating the symptoms of chronic colitis vary according to the nature of each case, seeing the attending physician. We will discuss together the most famous of these treatment methods through the following lines:
- Prescribing some types of medicines from the group of aminosalicylates, such as mesalazine, sulfasalazine, which the doctor may recommend in mild cases.
- Prescribing immunosuppressants.
- Prescribing specific medications for the intestines to prevent inflammatory cells from reaching the site of inflammation.
- Take anti-inflammatory drugs from the corticosteroid family, such as prednisolone, which your doctor may recommend in more severe cases.
- Prescribing pain relief medications such as: corticosteroids.
There are some cases that require surgical intervention to treat ulcerative colitis symptoms, including the following:
- Colon and rectal resection And this is done by making an opening in the abdomen that is connected to a bag to empty the contents of the intestine, after the colon is completely removed, and the end of the small intestine is connected directly to the anus, and thus the patient is rid of the presence of this bag in the abdomen, which may cause him many organic and psychological problems with Performing a surgical procedure to expel the waste naturally, and in some cases a permanent opening is made in the abdomen through which the stool is passed to collect it in an attached bag.
- Reducing the intake of dairy products and their derivatives to avoid some health problems such as: diarrhea, abdominal pain and gas.
- Control stress levels and stay away from stressful situations, by exercising physical activity, doing breathing and relaxation exercises. Be sure to consult a doctor before using antibiotics, pain relievers, anti-inflammatory and diarrhea medications or iron supplements; Where the severity of the disease may increase.
- Pay attention to dividing meals into small meals throughout the day. Eat small meals between five or six small meals a day instead of two or three large meals.
- Stay away from caffeinated drinks and foods that can increase the severity of the disease
- Paying attention to drinking plenty of water throughout the day, with the necessity of exercising and physical activities on a daily basis. Avoiding caffeine and foods that increase the severity of the disease (such as: foods rich in fiber and spicy foods).
- Follow the diet prescribed by the doctor and work on dividing meals into five or six small meals.
- Absolutely avoid smoking and not be exposed to secondhand smoke either.
- Absolutely refrain from consuming alcohol because it is one of the most important causes of exposure to throat cancer.
- Follow the necessary safety procedures and avoid exposure to toxic substances.
- Follow a healthy diet, rich in antioxidants, fiber, minerals and essential vitamins for the body.
In the end
At the end of this article, we recommend that you seek medical help if you feel any of the symptoms of colitis that were mentioned earlier, as treatment at “Doxpert Health” focuses primarily on diagnosing and treating ulcerative colitis and how to manage it.
As explained in this article about the methods of treating colitis and its most important causes through “Doxpert Health”, and in the event that you encounter some questions or inquiries, do not hesitate to send them to be answered as soon as possible.
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Present your case to an international expert specializing in the digestive system through a video chat, or communicate your complaint with the help of our medical team to the expert and receive a detailed medical report from the international expert, including the diagnosis and optimal treatment for your condition and answers to your questions.
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