High blood pressure and how to control and treat it

that Hypertension The most famous factors causing cardiovascular disease and death around the world, so high pressure treatment is necessary and very important.

Definition of high blood pressure

Blood pressure is defined as the force with which the blood rushes into the blood vessels. When the rush of blood inside these vessels becomes difficult, the pressure rises inside them. It is defined as the increase in systolic blood pressure over 140 mm Hg or the increase in diastolic blood pressure over 90 mm Hg.

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Causes of high pressure

called on Hypertension It is called the silent killer, as it does not cause any obvious symptoms in half of the people infected with it, but there are a number of factors that raise the possibility of an individual developing high blood pressure, which are:

  • Family history of high blood pressure.
  • Eat foods rich in salt in large quantities and continuously.
  • smoking.
  • The individual must be of African or Caribbean descent.
  • Overweight.
  • Chronic alcohol consumption.

Why should we care about high pressure treatment and control it?

High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. clots, atherosclerosis, weak heart muscle, chronic kidney disease, and poor eyesight. In addition, high blood pressure develops slowly and the patient does not feel its symptoms except in advanced stages.

Hyperbaric treatment

What should be noted is that high blood pressure is a chronic disease from which there is no complete cure, but there are a number of medications and methods used that aim to control it as much as possible, so that the lower the blood pressure, the lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, which is considered the greatest threat to the life of the individual.

Treating high blood pressure through lifestyle changes:

It is considered the first step in treating both high pressure patients and people who are susceptible to it, in an attempt to prevent and control it, reduce the burden on the heart and blood vessels, and avoid damage, and it includes:

  • Follow a healthy dietWhere the percentage of salt is reduced so that the daily amount that the patient eats does not exceed 6 gm, equivalent to a small tablespoon, and avoid foods rich in saturated fats and cholesterol, and eat more vegetables and fruits.
  • stop smoking.
  • Exercising and raising the level of activity. To learn more about exercise, its benefits, and how to exercise, read our article on exercise Sports.
  • Reduce weight.
  • Reduce consumption of coffee and soft drinks.
  • Avoid stress and relax.

To learn more about treating high blood pressure without medication, read our article here.

Pharmacological treatment:

Medications are started to control high pressure and reduce it in the event that all non-drug advice is applied without improvement. In this case, the medications decided by the attending physician are resorted to according to several factors, including the patient’s age and the health status of the heart and blood vessels. There are a wide number of medications used In the treatment of high blood pressure such as:

  • ACE inhibitors.
  • Angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs).
  • Calcium channel blockers.
  • diuretics;
  • beta receptor blockers.

Advice on high blood pressure medication

  • The patient must adhere to the medication without forgetting any dose because this reduces its efficiency.
  • In the event that the patient feels any side effects, he does not stop taking the treatment until he consults his doctor to change the treatment.
  • A pregnant woman with chronic stress should see a doctor to change treatment because some medications cause fetal deformities.
  • The patient must maintain a healthy lifestyle, which helps to increase the control of high pressure.


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